And I don’t mean Skittles! Phytonutrients are chemicals produced by plants. Phytonutrients give plants their pigmentation, which simply means the more colors you eat, the more phytonutrients for your body. A good way to tell whether a fruit or a vegetable is rich in phytonutrients is by the depth and intensity of its color. That’s why we are encourage to eat the more saturated dark green leafy greens, red, yellow, green and orange sweet bell pepper and purple eggplant, plums, and grapes, among others.
Phytonutrient-rich foods include not only fruit and vegetables rich in hue, but also legumes, nuts, tea, whole grains and many spices. They can provide significant health benefits for the human body.
So what’s under the rainbow?
Red—flavonoids & lycopene
- Healthy heart and strong memory
- Tomatoes, strawberries, cherries, apples, red peppers, watermelon, etc.
Yellow & Orange—beta-carotene
- Healthy eyes and good immune function
- Carrots, oranges, pineapple, sweet potatoes, mangoes, pumpkins, cantaloupes, etc.
Green—chlorophyll, carotenoids, isothiocyanates
- Healthy bones, teeth and eyes
- Spinach, green peas, cucumbers, broccoli, bok choy, cabbage, asparagus, etc.
Blue & Purple—anthocyanin
- Healthy aging and strong memory
- Eggplant, blueberries, purple grapes, purple cabbage, figs, beets, dark beans, etc.
- Healthy heart and hood cholesterol levels
- Onion, garlic, ginger, chives, mushrooms, jicama, etc.
Easiest guarantee to get all the nutrients a body needs is by following the yellow brick road to somewhere over the rainbow!